Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is the buildup of white blood cells called eosinophils in the stomach and intestine linings. EGE can lead to inflammation, tissue damage, ulcers, and polyps. Damage to the tissue can make it difficult to absorb nutrients from food.
EGE may occur in periods without symptoms and periods when symptoms are severe.
It is not clear what causes EC. It is likely a blend of genetics and the environment.
Eosinophils are part of the immune system response to problems in the body. Part of their normal function is to cause inflammation that helps trap harmful material. With EGE, eosinophils build up when it is not needed or remains longer than needed and causes unnecessary inflammation. It is not clear what causes the buildup. It may be linked to the presence of an allergen.
Factors that may increase your child’s chances of EGE include:
Symptoms may include:
Complications may include:
You will be asked about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. EGE is hard to diagnose with simple tests. However, some tests may be able to rule out other diseases with similar symptoms.
Tests to rule out other conditions may include:
A biopsy is the only way to confirm EGE. During a biopsy, tissue samples from an endoscopy are studied under a microscope to confirm a diagnosis.
EGE cannot be cured. For some people, removing cow’s milk and soy from the diet might manage symptoms. This is mainly true for infants.
Treatment focuses on managing symptoms to decrease damage to tissue. Treatment options may include:
Foods that cause symptoms will need to be avoided. Proteins, such as soy, nuts, eggs, or milk are common allergens. A dietitian can help to guide dietary needs. Some complications include:
Medications are used to manage EGE and treat complications. These may include:
Medications to manage allergies or asthma may also be needed.
American Partnership for Eosinophilic Disorders
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Sick Kids—The Hospital for Sick Children
About eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE). The Southeast Eosinophilic Disease Center of Atlanta, Inc. website. Available at: https://www.seedcenteratl.org/about-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-ege. Accessed June 15, 2017.
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis. American Partnership for Eosinophilic Disorders website. Available at: http://apfed.org/about-ead/egids/ege. Updated November 11, 2014. Accessed June 15, 2017.
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis. EoE Resource website. Available at: http://www.eosinophilicesophagitisresource.org/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis. Accessed June 15, 2017.
Last reviewed March 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review BoardMichael Woods, MD, FAAP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.