A stomach polyp is a growth in the lining of the stomach. There are many different types of polyps based on location and how they grow. Most of these polyps are not associated with cancer, but some may eventually become cancerous.
Common types of polyps include:
Stomach polyps often develop because of injury or irritation of the lining of the stomach that may occur with:
Some stomach polyps may be caused by genetic defects.
Most stomach polyps are more likely to occur in older adults. Other factors that may increase your risk of stomach polyps include:
Most stomach polyps do not cause symptoms.
Larger polyps may cause:
Polyps are often found during images taken for other medical reasons. If a polyp is found your doctor may request images of the stomach with:
Most stomach polyps will not need treatment. Small polyps that may have a risk of cancer will be observed but may not need to be removed.
Polyps that cause symptoms may need treatment. They may be managed with medication or surgery. The specific treatment will depend on the size, number, and type of polyps.
Large polyps or polyps with high risk of cancer development may be surgically removed. Surgical options include:
American Gastroenterological Association
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Cancer Society
Non-cancerous tumours of the stomach. Canadian Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/stomach/stomach-cancer/non-cancerous-tumours/?region=on. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Shaib YH, Rugge M, Graham DY, Genta RM. Management of gastric polyps: an endoscopy approach. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013;11(11):1374-1384.
The stomach: stomach polyps. Chicago Endoscopy Center website. Available at: http://www.chicagoendoscopy.com/the-stomach.html#a4. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Last reviewed June 2016 by Daus Mahnke, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.