Dupuytrens contracture is a thickening of tissue just under the skin in the palm of the hand. The thickening causes the tissue to shorten and curl affected fingers toward the palm. It can make extension of these fingers difficult or impossible. The most common affected fingers are the pinky and the ring finger.
The exact cause of Dupuytrens contracture is unknown. For some people, the condition is inherited.
This condition is more common in men and those over 40 years of age.
Factors that may increase your chances of getting Dupuytrens contracture include:
At first, the curling of the fingers are mild. It may worsen over time. How fast it worsens can differ from person to person.
The ring finger is usually affected first, followed by the pinky finger. The index, and long finger may follow. Fingers on either or both hands can be affected. The first physical sign of this condition is a bump in the palm near the bottom of a finger. In some cases, the bump can be sensitive to touch. Generally, though, this condition is not painful.
Eventually, the bump may becomes a thickened fibrous cord. As the cord thickens, it shortens and curls the affected finger toward the palm. Movement in the finger will become more difficult.
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A hand examination will be done.
Images may be taken of your hand. This can be done with:
Treatment is made easier and more effective when the contracture is detected early. Treatment may not be needed at first if you can still use your hand normally. When needed, treatment options include:
Surgery is most effective when the condition is still in the early stage.
Depending on how far the condition has progressed, surgery may involve:
Dupuytrens contracture can begin again after surgery.
Therapy may be needed to help restore full range of motion to the fingers after a repair.
Injecting corticosteroids into bumps during early stages of the condition can sometimes:
Collagenase clostridium histolyticum may also be injected. This medication breaks down the thickened tissue in the hand.
American Society for Surgery of the Hand
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
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2/12/2010 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114104/Dupuytren-disease: FDA approves Xiaflex for debilitating hand condition. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm199736.htm. Published February 2, 2010. Accessed September 23, 2014.
Last reviewed January 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review BoardTeresa Briedwell, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.