Pleurisy is an inflammation of the pleura, the double-layered membrane that surrounds each lung and the rib cage. The pleura protects and lubricates the surface of the lungs as they inflate and deflate within the rib cage. When they become inflamed, the diseased surfaces rub painfully together.
There are several causes for either acute or chronic pleurisy.
Factors that increase your chance of pleurisy include:
Symptoms of pleurisy include:
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. The pain associated with pleurisy can be enough to diagnose the condition. A stethoscope will be used to listen for abnormal chest sounds, such as a friction rub or pneumonia sounds. The next step is determining the illness that caused the pleurisy.
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
Your heart's activity may be tested. This can be done with an EKG.
Treatment will depend on the cause of the pleurisy. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
Pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and anti-inflammatories, are used to treat the pain. Anti-inflammatories may also relieve symptoms related to inflammation. Some people can reduce their pain by lying on the painful side, holding a pillow tightly, or wrapping the chest with elastic bandages. Codeine-based cough syrup may be prescribed to treat a painful cough if it is safe to do so.
If pleurisy is the result of a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed. If it is the result of a viral infection, the virus will get better naturally. If the cause is due to an autoimmune disease such as SLE, then steroid treatment will relieve pain. Pulmonary embolism or pneumothorax may be treated by surgery.
To help reduce your chances of getting pleurisy, take the following steps:
American Lung Association
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Kass SM, Reamy BV. Pleurisy. Am Fam Physician. 2007;75(9):1357-1364.
Pleurisy. Cedars-Sinai website. Available at: http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Health-Conditions/Pleurisy.aspx. Accessed May 12, 2016.
Pleural effusion. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pulmonary-disorders/mediastinal-and-pleural-disorders/pleural-effusion. Updated September 2014. Accessed May 12, 2016.
Last reviewed June 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.