Hypovolemia is a low level of blood in the body. Lower levels of blood make it difficult to get nutrients and oxygen to the entire body. Hypovolemia will affect the entire body but certain organs are at higher risk of damage. Organs that are very active like the heart, kidney, brain, and liver may be affected the most.
This condition is serious. Your baby will need care right away.
Hypovolemia may be caused by:
Factors that increase your baby’s risk of getting hypovolemia include:
Symptoms may include:
You will be asked about your baby’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your doctor may check your baby’s blood flow by putting pressure on a nail bed.
Talk with your baby’s doctor about the best treatment plan.
Your baby may have:
Your baby’s legs may also be elevated. This will increase the amount of blood going to the heart and brain.
Additional treatment will depend on the cause of hypovolemia:
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute
Canadian Pediatric Society
Sick Kids—The Hospital for Sick Children
Day R, Paul P, Williams B. Textbook of Canadian Medical-Surgical Nursing. 2nd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009. Available at: http://books.google.com/books?id=SB_-CRXvZPYC&dq=hypovolemic+shock+risk+factors&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Dehydration and hypovolemia in infants and children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 4, 2013. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Hypovolemic shock. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 19, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Last reviewed August 2014 by Kari Kassir, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.