Psychotherapy is a general term for a range of different types of therapy, such as:
The emphasis is on the relationship between patient and therapist. The goal is to reduce symptoms and improve functioning.
Psychotherapy can be used for a range of mental health conditions, such as:
Mental health conditions can negatively affect your relationships and life. The goal of working with a therapist is to reduce your risk of:
Psychotherapy can also be helpful if you are facing difficult challenges, like:
Psychotherapy can improve your symptoms and help you to function better. By working with your therapist, you will gain insight and coping skills.
During therapy sessions, you may feel upset or uncomfortable. This is because you will be facing difficult feelings and events. If you have a phobia, like fear of heights, your therapist may slowly expose you to this fear. This can cause anxiety.
Also, you may not feel comfortable with the first therapist you meet. It is important for your treatment that you have a good connection with your therapist. You can get referrals from many places. Examples include your doctor, friends and family, mental health organizations, and your health insurance company.
When you find a therapist, make sure to research their background and credentials. Also, check with your insurance company to make sure that your insurance covers therapy. If you do not have insurance, check your state's website to find information about services. Some employers use separate services for mental health care.
Before the appointment:
During the first session, the therapist will ask you a lot of questions to find out about your background, family, relationships, mental health, and current problems. It may take several sessions for the therapist to decide on a treatment plan.
During the session, you will be asked about your thoughts and feelings, as well as how you respond to situations. In the beginning, you might not feel comfortable sharing personal information. Over time, you should begin to see the benefits.
As the therapy progresses, you may get upset and cry or become angry. This is normal, since you will be dealing with strong emotions and difficult events. After the session, you may feel tired from releasing these feelings.
What you discuss in therapy is confidential. There are only a few cases where the therapist must share information with the police, including if you tell the therapist that you:
Beyond individual therapy, psychotherapy may also be in the form of:
You may meet with your therapist once a week for about an hour. The number of sessions you have depends on your reason for coming into therapy and how you respond. Short-term therapy may take a month. In some cases, you may need to continue therapy for a year or longer.
Improvement takes time and a lot of hard work. Results will be different for each person, but most will see some improvement after a few sessions.
American Psychological Association
Mental Health America
Canadian Mental Health Association
Canadian Psychiatric Association
Finding a therapist who can help you heal. Help Guide website. Available at: http://www.helpguide.org/articles/emotional-health/finding-a-therapist-who-can-help-you-heal.htm. Updated May 2016. Accessed May 13, 2016.
Individual therapy. Good Therapy website. Available at: http://www.goodtherapy.org/individual-therapy.html. Updated December 17, 2013. Accessed May 13, 2016.
Psychotherapy. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/psychotherapy/home/ovc-20197188. Updated March 17, 2016. Accessed May 13, 2016.
What is psychotherapy for children and adolescents? American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry website. Available at: http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/What-Is-Psychotherapy-For-Children-And-Adolescents-053.aspx. Updated November 2012. Accessed May 13, 2016.
Last reviewed May 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.