Orchiectomy is a surgery to remove one or both testicles.
An orchiectomy may be done to treat:
It can also be a diagnostic procedure to determine if cancer is present when a mass is found during ultrasound.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:
Your doctor and anesthesiologist may do the following:
Talk to the doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to 1 week before the procedure.
Other things to keep in mind before the procedure:
You will be prepared for surgery. The genital area will be shaved and sterilized.
Once you are asleep, the doctor will make a small incision in the groin area or in the scrotum. The testicle is pulled up from the scrotal sac. The cord that connects the testicle to the scrotum is clamped and sutured. The testicle is removed. Absorbable stitches will be used to close all incision areas.
A prosthetic testicle is sometimes placed into the scrotum. This can be done at the time of the surgery or at a later date.
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.
The staff may provide the following care to make you more comfortable and help your recovery:
You will be able to leave when the anesthesia has worn off and you can walk.
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as:
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chances of infection such as:
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
It is important to monitor your recovery. Alert your doctor to any problems. If any of the following occur, call your doctor:
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Testicular Cancer Resource Center
Urology Care Foundation
Canadian Cancer Society
Orchiectomy surgery. St. Joseph’s Healthcare Hamilton website. Available at: http://www.stjoes.ca/patients-visitors/patient-education/patient-education-k-o. Accessed November 18, 2015.
Testicular cancer treatments: the inguinal orchiectomy. Testicular Cancer Resource Center website. Available at: http://tcrc.acor.org/orch.html. Updated December 9, 2012. Accessed November 18, 2015.
6/6/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.
Last reviewed November 2015 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.