Hematuria means blood in the urine. Normally, urine does not contain any blood. There are two kinds of hematuria:
Hematuria can be caused by many conditions, such as:
Sometimes the exact cause is not found.
Risk factors include:
In some cases, there may be other symptoms with hematuria. These other symptoms will depend on the underlying condition that is causing the hematuria. For example, if a urinary tract infection is the cause, your child may have to urinate often. She may also have a burning feeling when she urinates.
Call your child's doctor if you see blood in the urine.
The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests to look for infections and signs of kidney trouble may include:
Your doctor may also need to look at the kidneys and urinary tract. Detailed pictures can be made with one or more of the following tests:
Other tests that may be done include:
Treatment will depend on the cause. Some causes do not require treatment. Other causes can be treated with medication. For example, a urinary tract infection is treated with antibiotics.
Surgery may be needed if the urinary tract is blocked.
FamilyDoctor.org—American Academy of Family Physicians
National Kidney Foundation
BC Health Guide
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Children’s Hospital Boston. Hematuria. Children’s Hospital Boston website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1000/mainpageS1000P0.html. Accessed July 1, 2010.
Hematuria in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 17, 2010. Accessed March 8, 2012.
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Hematuria (blood in the urine). National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/hematuria/. Updated February 2007. Accessed July 1, 2010.
Shannon D. Hematuria. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated September 30, 2009. Accessed July 1, 2010.
Urination problems. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/health-tools/search-by-symptom/urination-problems.html. Accessed March 8, 2012.
Last reviewed March 2014 by Kari Kassir, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.