Hematuria means blood in the urine. Normally, urine does not contain any blood. There are 2 kinds of hematuria:
Hematuria can be caused by many conditions, such as:
Sometimes the exact cause is not found.
Factors that may increase your child's chance of hematuria include:
In some cases, there may be other symptoms with hematuria. These other symptoms will depend on the underlying condition that is causing the hematuria. For example, if a urinary tract infection is the cause, your child may have to urinate often. There may also be a burning feeling during urination.
Call your child's doctor if you see blood in the urine.
You will be asked about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests to look for infections and signs of kidney trouble may include:
Your child's doctor may also need to look at the kidneys and urinary tract. Imaging tests may include:
Other tests that may be done include:
Treatment will depend on the cause. Some causes do not require treatment. Other causes can be treated with medication. For example, a urinary tract infection is treated with antibiotics.
Surgery may be needed if the urinary tract is blocked.
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
National Kidney Foundation
BC Health Guide
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Hematuria. Boston Children's Hospital website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1000/mainpageS1000P0.html. Accessed March 10, 2016.
Hematuria: Blood in the urine. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/hematuria. Updated April 2012. Accessed March 10, 2016.
Hematuria in children. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T576483/Hematuria-in-children. Updated July 22, 2013. Accessed March 10, 2016.
Urination problems. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/health-tools/search-by-symptom/urination-problems.html. Accessed March 10, 2016.
Last reviewed March 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review BoardKari Kassir, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.