The goal of treating hypertension is to reduce and maintain your blood pressure to within your desired range while minimizing side effects. Monitoring and maintaining blood pressure within specific limits will help to reduce the risk of blood vessel damage which can lead to complications, such as:
Management of hypertension involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. If you have any underlying conditions, such as diabetes or high cholesterol, they will need to be managed as well.
Treatment may need to be adjusted throughout your lifetime. Maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to treatment, and go to any scheduled appointments to keep your treatment on track.
Treatment involves the following:
Prevention & treatment of high blood pressure. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Prevention-Treatment-of-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_002054_Article.jsp. Updated June 29, 2016. Accessed September 20, 2016.
How is high blood pressure treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/treatment. Updated September 10, 2015. Accessed September 20, 2016.
Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115345/Hypertension. Updated August 29, 2016. Accessed September 20, 2016.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Michael J. Fucci, DO, FACC
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.