A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop heart failure with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing heart failure. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
The heart has a normal decrease in function as we age. This decrease is generally not enough to cause problems but can increase the risk of developing heart disease. As a result, heart disease is more common in people who are aged 65 years or older. Although heart failure is more common in men, both men and women can develop heart failure.
African Americans have higher rates of high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity. As a result, African Americans are more likely to develop heart failure, have earlier symptoms, and die from heart failure more than any other ethnic group.
Other risk factors for heart failure include:
Having certain health conditions can put you at an increased risk for heart failure. These conditions force the heart to work harder to overcome heart muscle weakness or damage.
Heart, blood vessel, and lung conditions can make the heart to work harder than it should. Conditions linked to heart failure include:
Metabolic conditions can cause changes that increase pressure on the heart such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and elevated heart rate. Conditions associated with increased risk of heart failure include:
Other conditions associated with increased risk of heart failure include:
These lifestyle factors may cause heart muscle damage, increasing your risk of heart failure:
African-Americans and heart disease, stroke. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/MyHeartandStrokeNews/African-Americans-and-Heart-Disease-Stroke_UCM_444863_Article.jsp. Updated April 15, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.
Depression and heart disease. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-and-heart-disease/depression-and-heart-disease.pdf. Updated 2011. Accessed October 7, 2013.
Felker CM, Thompson RE, et al. Underlying causes and long-term survival in patients with initially unexplained cardiomyopathy. N Engl J Med. 2000;342:1077.
He, J, Ogden, LG, et al. Risk factors for congestive heart failure in US men and women: NHANES I epidemiologic follow-up study. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161:996.
Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114099/Heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction. Updated August 16, 2016. Accessed October 3, 2016.
Understanding your risk for heart failure. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartFailure/UnderstandYourRiskforHeartFailure/Understand-Your-Risk-for-Heart-Failure_UCM_002046_Article.jsp. Updated September 20, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.
Who is at risk for heart failure? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hf/atrisk.html. Updated January 9, 2012. Accessed October 7, 2013.
1/18/2017 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116156/Coronary-artery-disease-CAD: Emdin CA, Odutayo A, Wong CX, Tran J, Hsiao AJ, Hunn BH. Meta-analysis of anxiety as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Am J Cardiol. 2016;118(4):511-519.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Michael J. Fucci, DO, FACC
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.