Ascites is the accumulation of excess fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Ascites can be caused by:
Factors that increase your chance of ascites include having any of the conditions above.
Symptoms may include:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Imaging tests look inside body structures. These may include:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include:
Diuretic medications are drugs that cause the kidneys to excrete more sodium and water in the urine. These medications are often recommended as the treatment of choice for ascites, along with sodium restriction.
Ascites can be treated by inserting a hollow needle into the abdomen and removing excess fluid through the needle.
To decrease the risk of ascites, take the following steps to prevent cirrhosis, the most common cause of ascites:
American Liver Foundation
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Canadian Liver Foundation
Alcohol-induced liver disease. Liver Foundation website. Available at: http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/alcohol. Updated October 4, 2011. Accessed June 25, 2013.
Ascites. DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated May 15, 2013. Accessed June 25, 2013.
Cirrhosis. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/index.aspx. Updated February 21, 2013. Accessed June 25, 2013.
Runyon BA. Care of patients with ascites. N Engl J Med. 1994;330(5):337-342.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Daus Mahnke, MD; Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.